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Ruminant stomach

Submitted by Mousumi Sepai, Last Modified on 2020-01-01

Stomach is a muscular chamber or series of chambers that serve as a receiving site for recently ingested food. The stomach terminates at the pilorous which is the open from the stomach leading into deordinal. Ruminant stomach consists of 4 separate chambers, Rumen, Reticulum, Omasum and Abomasum.

System.Configuration.ConfigurationErrorsException - Configuration system failed to initialize - Only one <configSections> element allowed per config file and if present must be the first child of the root <configuration> element.

Submitted by Asif Nowaj, Last Modified on 2019-11-22
Exception: System.Configuration.ConfigurationErrorsException Message: Configuration system failed to initialize Inner Exception Message: Only one element allowed per config file and if present must be the first child of the root element. Find here how to fix it.

FEEDING SYSTEM AND MECHANISM OF NEMATODE

Submitted by Mousumi Sepai, Last Modified on 2019-11-08

All nematodes possess a similar digestive system or tract that consists of a mouth, sometimes reffered to as a stoma, the pharynx or oesophagus, and the intestine. While present in all nematodes, there is some room for variation of these structures besed on the feeding habits of the different species. The most important types of nematode feeding or trophic groups include:

Algivores:- Nematodes found in aquatic environments and rarely in soil that feed primarily on algae.

Cyclomorphosis

Submitted by Mousumi Sepai, Last Modified on 2019-11-08

Cyclomorphosis is seasonal polyphenism or the occurrence of seasonal changes in the phenotype of small aquatic invertebrate organisms that reproduce by parthenogenesis and can give rise to several generations annually, for example as rotifers and cladoceran crustaceans. The species of Daphnia for example, undergo the changes of the head's shape during the year, from midsummer to spring it has a round shape, and then it changes to a helmet-shaped, and again it reverting to the rounded shape at midsummer.

MASTAX

Submitted by Mousumi Sepai, Last Modified on 2019-11-08

Mastax is a peculiar structure characteristic to rotifers. Mastax is actually the muscular pharynx part of the body which is containing the inter-connected movable chitinous pieces which are acting as jaws. It has created lot of interest among different workers, all over the globe. Some researchers suggest it to be a digestive component while others used it for the classification of rotifers.

Coral reef

Submitted by Mousumi Sepai, Last Modified on 2019-11-08

Coral reefs are tropical,under water, swallow water, calcareous structures supporting a diverse association of marine plants and animals. A reef mainly consist of reef building cnidarians for example, colonies of coral polyps and of calcareous red algae held together by calcium carbonate.Most of the time coral reefs are formed by stony corals, bunch of polyps groups.

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