Role of systematic in applied biology (agriculture, forestry, public health and wildlife management
Taxonomy played quite a important role in the wide field of applied biology. The applied biology is also relying to a great degree on it for laying exact and trustworthy experiments and getting quick useful results. Doubtful identification may upset the entire control strategy. The useful roles’ importance of systematic in applied biology’s specific areas are discussed under the full topic:
Agriculture and forestry:-
Recently we are faced with an unpleasant problem of saving our crops and trees from the attack of many different kinds of pests. It is extremely important to know the correct category names of such pests before their proper control. Every species has its own different niche in nature and different from its related species in food partiality, mating seasons, tolerance or resistance capability to various stimuli, predators, competitors, pathogens etc. and all these are very important for an applied worker before applying control measures. All this important information can be easily obtained by group testing of the pest, if the identity of the pest is sometimes known, it is also very helpfully to have local observation of the process of causing so much damage of the crop on getting correct identify of the pest species, it becomes easier to collect information about its habits which is vital for its effective control,
- In the context of agriculture it is very difficult to justify donor finding for taxonomy in isolation for the developing world.
- To meet the recognized needs, taxonomy must be seen to be directly supporting activities which will achieve direct impact, e.g. in terms of the MDGs.
- This means that in the majority of cases, taxonomy will be in support of specific pest and SPS (Sanitary and phytosanitory).
- In order to be supported by the agriculture sector, GTPF or BioNET will need to be seen to be clearly supporting a global initiative that will have that will have relevant impact. Two possible examples are the CGIAR programme and CABI’s plan wise initiative.
- The CGIAR programme is moving towards focussed mega programmes, so although they should be encouraged to participate in the GTPF and BioNET, there is unlikely to be general support for this system.
- Therefore, with regard to activities in agriculture, it is recommended that BioNet further explore how it and the GTPF can support CABI’s plant wise initiative.
The main role of a taxonomist is the arrange of classes of living organisms, about which scientifically useful indicative generalizations can be made,
- The main role is to differentiate the various kinds of organisms and by pointing out their characteristics through descriptions, keys, figure etc.
- Must have to provide names for each individual organism, so that the information can be recorded, stored and repossess when needed.
- To make a set of principles in based to the choice and importance of characters with the ultimate aim of arranging species in hierarchy of higher categories.
- Estimate genetic and phylogenetic relationships among organisms.
Taxonomy plays a great role in public health management. There are a number of various types of diseases which are spread by many type arthropod insects which are disease specific. So we should planned the control strategy in such a way that only the target species is attacked. This is only possible if we get the correct identification of that species. For example, some species of anopheles mosquitoes are responsible for transmitting malaria but the other species not. Ticks are vectors of nematodes, protozoa, rickettsiae, spirochetes, other bacteria, and virus that cause diseases in humans and other animals. About 80 of the estimated 850 described tick species feed on vertebrate blood, but only a relatively small number impact people and livestock directly. For these responsible few species however, illness and economic loss are happening. It accounts for more than 90% of all reported vector borne disease. An overview of interactions among tick species, tick-borne microorganisms and hosts is provided. Systematic play a important role in acknowledgement of these interactions. The control system then applied only on the target species and in this a way of money and manpower were saved and the loss can be stop . This correct identification ensures a maximum of effective control at minimum cost.